GOVERNMENT OF THE KINGDOM OF TONGA
Head of StateL His Majesty King Tupou VI
Type of Government : Constiitutional Monarchy
|Executive Branch of Government: His Majesty's Cabinet
Head of Government: Prime Minister Lord Tu'ivakano
The Government of the Kingdom of Tonga is divided into three Bodies
-1. The King Privy Council and Cabinet (Ministry); 2. The Legislative Assembly; 3. The Judiciary
|KING AND PRIVY COUNCIL - 'Tu'i mo e Fakataha Tokon
The Privy Council will now consist of advisors
appointed by His Majesty from time to time to advise him on matters general
or particular, as His Majesty decides.
Matters that must be decided by The King in Privy
Council under the Constitution also include -granting
pardons to people convicted of criminal offences (cl 37); hearing
appeals from the Land Court (cl 50(2)); approving
(along with unanimous Cabinet) changes to the Constitution(cl 79); the
appointment of Judges after receiving advice from the Judicial Appointments and Discipline Panel (cls 85, 86); approving
the terms of leases of more than 99 years (cl 114).
In addition, other Acts provide powers and functions
for His Majesty, alone ori n Privy Council, especially relating to foreign
affairs, formal matters and some emergency powers.
|THE KING - 'Hau 'o e Fonua'
||Signature to Acts
| National Anthem
|1. THE CABINET - 'Kapineti 'a 'Ene 'Afio'
||2. THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY - 'Fale Alea'
||3. THE JUDICIARY - 'Fakamaau'anga'
|The Cabinet consists of the Prime Minister and
all other Ministers, and is the collective forum for Ministers to make decisions on
questions of government policy and administration. In practice, all
significant matters are decided by collective Cabinet decision
The Legislative Assembly of Tonga is made up of
elected representatives of the nobles, elected representatives of the people,
plus any appointed Ministers (up to 4 may be appointed).
The King and the
Legislative Assembly together have the power to enact laws , and the
approval of the Legislative Assembly is needed for taxation and customs duties,
and for the government's budget each year.
|The judicial power of the Kingdom is vested in
the Court of Appeal, the Supreme Court, the Land Court, and the Magistrate's
Court. The Constitution includes clear protection of the
independence of the judicial branch and court processes.
|Deputy Prime Minister Ministers
||Attorney General / Lord Chancellor
|Chief Secretary & Secretary to Cabinet
For more information, please contact
(676) 28-170 or send an email to
|GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE - Ministries and Agencies (1 July 2012)
|Ministry of Agriculture, Food, Forests,Fisheries
||Tonga Post Limited
|Ministry of Commerce and Tourism
||Tonga Development Bank
|Ministry of Education and Training
||Friendly Islands Shipping Agency
|Ministry of Finance and National Planning
|Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
||Attorney General's Office
||Tonga Airports Limited
|Ministry of Health
||Lord Chancellor's Office
||Tonga Power Limited
|Ministry of Lands, Environment, Climate Change ,Natural Resources
||Commission for Public Relations
||Tonga Communications Corporation
|Ministry of Justice
||Tonga Electoral Commission
||Tonga Print Limited
|Ministry of Internal Affairs
||Reporting to Minister
||Tonga Water Board
|Ministry of Public Enterprises
||Tonga Defence Services
||Tonga Forests Limited
|Ministry of Infrastructure
||Public Service Commission
||Tonga Broadcasting Commission
|Ministry of Revenue Services
|Prime Minister's Office
||National Bureau of Statiscs
||Small Industries Limited